Disaster Risk Management



Disaster risk management is one of the most prioritized areas of Caritas. Caritas precisely express its action-orientated serious concerns over natural calamities. 
Responding Nepal’s food insecurity, disaster related concerns and coping capacity against calamities, Caritas has been implementing various projects related to community based disaster risk reduction. 
Considering the future, Caritas has been maintaining disasters preparedness in disaster prone communities through mitigation, awareness and other measures via following programs:

Jumla and Mugu are considered as most vulnerable districts in Nepal. These districts are at high and vulnerable to landslides, earthquakes and flash floods. However, few households in Jumla and Mugu know how to prepare for and respond to natural disasters. Caritas has been working with 1290 families in local communities to improve their resilience, preparedness, and food and livelihood security.
The Jumla and Mugu Districts, in the north-west of Nepal, were ranked by the UN among the country's 23 most vulnerable districts. Their hilly location puts them at great risk from landslides, earthquakes and flash floods. Yet few Jumla and Mugu households know how to prepare for and respond to a natural disaster, and most are heavily dependent on imported food, and grow only a small variety of foods locally. This situation is a disaster waiting to happen.
Caritas has been working with communities in Jumla and Mugu since 2012, and in 2016 started a new project to help prepare local people against future natural disasters.
We're working with 1290 households in the districts to improve their resilience and food and livelihood security. Activities so far have included:
•    Supporting families to start their own vegetable gardens
•    Working with women's groups to improve food storage practices
•    Training local farmers in new sustainable farming techniques and providing them with a greater variety of seeds
•    Working at household and community level to draw up earthquake preparedness plans
•    Training local people in anti-earthquake construction techniques and building "demo" quake-proof houses

Kaule VDC of Chitwan district is home to Chepang community; a poor and marginalised ethnic group within Nepal. Chepang suffered in great extent from 2015 earthquake, which destroyed homes of 67% Chepang in Kaule village. Caritas in coordination with Nepal Rural Self Reliance Campaign (NRUSEC) supported 186 Chepang households to access clean water and rebuild their livelihoods.
The activities carried during the year 2016-17 have been described as follows:
•     418 villagers received free health check up
•    150 households trained in kitchen gardening, and provided them with vegetable seeds
•     160 villagers trained in goat rearing, including de-worming
•     500 bamboo saplings planted adding extra income source to the villagers

Caritas implemented the project entitled “Strengthening Community Resilience in Mahottari and Dhanusha Districts” in five VDCs, MUs of Mohattari and Dhanusha districts. The main objective of the project is to provide livelihood options, improve water facilities, aware and promote safe construction practices, small mitigation and capacity building activities to reduce vulnerability of communities and individual households to make safer and resilient against hazards like gully erosion, drought, fire, flash flood and earthquake in proposed project areas.
This program has been designed to implement a comprehensive and integrated program in the area so that the communities can increase their resilience against vulnerabilities to earthquake and water and climate induced disasters, make plans to prepare themselves to future hazards/ disasters and come up with some disaster risk reduction activities and create some income generating activities.
The activities carried during the year 2016-17 have been described as follows:
•    5 irrigation schemes, 2 drinking water schemes, and 1 pond renovated which irrigated 282 hectare agricultural land benefitting 1,715 families
•    330 members of 16 Livelihood groups selected and trained on technical part of improved agricultural practices
•     30 landless Mushar families trained on mushroom production
•     119 farmers received 60,000 kg of drought resistant paddy seed with technical orientation
130 families received livestock management training
•     5,000 fruit saplings planted in 35 hectare degraded land
•     18 local masons trained on earthquake safe construction practices
•     920 people participated in earthquake safety related activities  
•     692 poor families benefited from mango plantation

European Asian partnership for building capacities in humanitarian action (PEACH) is European Union (EU) funded project of Caritas Organizations’ consortium that consists of ten Caritas member organizations from Caritas Asia, Austria, Bangladesh, Czech Republic, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines and Romania with following objectives:
•     Strengthen system and capacity of humanitarian organizations. 
•     Delivery of humanitarian aid; strengthening resilience and building capacities of local communities. 
•     Comply with standard procedure that are required to participate in EU Aid volunteer initiatives.
During 2015 earthquake, Nepal lacked domestic volunteers. The gap was felt when Nepal had to take help from international volunteers. Considering this, PEACH program aimed to capacitate local community people as volunteers and prepare them for emergency situation.